13 Listed Buildings on the District Line
The first section of the district line, then known as the Metropolitan District Railway, opened on 24 December 1868, running services between South Kensington to Westminster.
Construction started in March 1865. Under the watch of engineer John Fowler, stations were positioned in the open where possible.
The construction method was called 'Cut-and-cover'. Shallow cuttings were dug along a street which were then roofed over.
At first, services were operated by the Metropolitan Railway using wooden carriages hauled by steam locomotives. But by 1871, the District Railway began operating its own trains, and services were extended to West Brompton and Mansion House.
In 1933, all the Capital’s bus, tram and railways operations were brought together under London Transport. In the same year the District Railway became the ‘District line’.
London Transport Museum collections on the List
London Transport Museum have enriched the list entry of every listed District Line underground station, adding historical photos and information from their collections.
What is the National Heritage List for England?
Listing celebrates a building's special architectural and historic interest so that it can be protected for future generations. The older a building is, and the fewer the surviving examples of its kind, the more likely it is to be listed.
The List has over 400,000 entries: tower blocks and tombstones, barrows and bunkers, palaces and pigsties, plague crosses and piers, cathedrals, windmills and rollercoasters.
Enrich the List
Many places on the List are well-known and even world-famous. But in some cases there is much that remains unknown.
We invite you to share your knowledge and pictures of listed places, so we can record important facts, and even unlock the secrets of some places.
Featured contributions from the London Transport Museum Collection
Barking Station Booking Hall
Barons Court Underground Station
Bow Road Underground Station
Chiswick Park Underground Station
Ealing Common Underground Station
Earls Court Station
East Ham Underground Station
Fulham Broadway Underground Station
Gloucester Road Underground Station
Kew Gardens Underground Station
South Kensington Underground Station
West Brompton Station
London Transport Museum
Learn about 150 years of history on the District Line (London Transport Museum).